New Techniques in Cataract Surgery
Advances in technology have recently made cataract surgery shorter in duration and recovery time. New innovations include improved surgical techniques, the use of local anesthesia, better measuring devices, and more options for lens implantation–all of which improve the surgical experience and outcome. Most patients are now able to return home the day of the procedure and can resume many common activities within a few days.
Nutrition May Help Prevent Cataracts
According to an Australian study recently published by the American Academy of Ophthalmology, proper nutrition may play a significant role in preventing the development of cataracts. Agreeing with some earlier studies, researchers found that antioxidants (like vitamins A, E, and C) help guard against the formation of cataracts. The new study also found, however, that increased consumption of polyunsaturated fats and protein help to prevent cataract formation. Certain B vitamins were also found to reduce the incidence of cataracts.
Study Suggests Link Between Body Fat and Cataracts in Men
A recently completed Physicians’ Health Study gathered information from men over an average of 14 years to determine how body size and composition affect the development of cataracts. The study found that higher BMI (body mass index), greater waist-hip ratios, and greater height were each independently associated with a higher incidence of cataracts. The results suggest that lowering BMI and abdominal fat may help reduce the risk of cataract formation.